Huawei leveled with 23 criminal charges by the US government, including theft

The chance you'll see Huawei phones and routers in the US grew bleaker today, as the Chinese telecom firm has officially been criminally charged by the US government.

Huawei, now the No. 2 smartphone manufacturer in the world ahead of Apple, faces 23 criminal charges spanning two separate indictments by the US Department of Justice. It breaks down to 13 counts of financial fraud, Iran sanctions violations and money laundering, and 10 counts of theft and charges stemming from that action.

“Criminal activity goes back at least 10 years and goes all the way to the top of the company,” said US Attorney General Matthew Whitaker in a press conference unsealing the indictments.

Doing business with Iran and covering it up

The first set of criminal charges surround Huawei CFO Wanzhou Meng and a little-known affiliate named Skycom. Meng, who happens to be the Huawei co-founder's daughter, was arrested in Canada in early December and faces extradition to the US.

Skycom is said to be a Huawei affiliate set up to do business in Iran and undermine US trade sanctions on the Middle Eastern country. The US government accuses Huawei of covering up this fact by lying and committing bank and wire fraud, and it singles out Meng in particular.

“As early as 2007, Huawei employees began to misrepresent its relationship with its Iranian affiliate,” said Whitaker. “Huawei employees had allegedly told banking partners that Huawei had sold its ownership interest in Skycom.”

That didn't happen according to the indictment, with Whitaker noting, “In reality, Huawei had sold Skycom to itself.”

You may recall that Huawei and Chinese rival ZTE illegally did business with Iran and meticulously covered it up, too. It culminated in fines and a seven-year ban on doing business with US companies, essentially giving a 'death sentence' to the Android phone maker. That meant no Google software, no Qualcomm chips, etc.

In ZTE's most recent case, President Trump stepped in to let ZTE off the hook. This decision came at the urging of Chinese President Xi, and around the same time China helped facilitate a meeting between the US President and North Korea's leader.

Tappy on trial

The second indictment  against Huawei surrounds its stealing trade secrets in 2012 and charges that stem from covering up the theft. 

It's not a vague case of Huawei's phone and software resembling those of an iPhone or Samsung phone, either. The US government is going after a specific case involving Huawei's alleged theft of a T-Mobile-made phone-testing robot named 'Tappy.'

Tappy was T-Mobile's state-of-the-art phone-testing robot arm that could nimbly mimic human fingers on a touchscreen and buttons. Huawei allegedly wanted to build its own Tappy robot to test smartphones before sending them to T-Mobile and other carriers. Today's indictment alleges Huawei engineers secretly took Tappy's photos and measurements.

There's more sad news for Tappy the robot. The Huawei employees are accused of actually stealing a piece of Tappy so that Huawei engineers in China could try to replicate it, according to the Department of Justice.

When T-Mobile threatened to sue the Chinese company, Huawei claimed that this theft was by 'rouge actors' within its organization. However, the US government says it has emails that point to a conspiracy to steal secrets from T-Mobile and that it was indeed a company-wide effort.

T-Mobile did end up suing Huawei and was awarded $4.8 million (about £3.65m, AU$6.7m) by a US jury in 2017, according to the Seattle Times. The US Department of Justice said that its case on behalf of the US government is separate and the timing was predicated on its investigation.

Huawei's future in the US

Huawei overtook Apple to become the No. 2 smartphone manufacturer in the world. It's second to Samsung, but its CEO predicted it'll capture the No. 1 position in 2019 or 2020.

Complicating its bullish trajectory is the fact that it doesn't sell its smartphones in the US. If you want the Huawei Mate 20 Pro or Huawei P20 Pro, you'll have to buy it from a third-party reseller. US carriers and major retailers like Best Buy don't carry them at all.

Things looked very different a little more than a year ago. Huawei was closing in on a potentially transformative deal with AT&T in early 2018, its first major US carrier deal for a flagship phone. But that fell apart at CES 2018, allegedly at the urging of the US government. 

Since then, its networking business has come further under threat, not just in the US, but the UK, Australia, Germany and Japan, among other nations. The US, urging allies to ditch Huawei equipment, fears that the Chinese government could tap into Huawei-made government infrastructure.

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